Factors Associated to Success Tuberculosis Therapy of Co-infection TB-HIV Patients in Persahabatan Hospital, Jakarta-Indonesia

Ngatwanto Parto Dikromo, Budhi Antariksa, Arifin Nawas

Abstract


Introduction. Annually 239 TB new cases found in every 100.000 citizens with HIV prevalence among TB
patients was estimated 0,8% nationwide. Study of anti tuberculosis therapy success rate on co-infection TBHIV
patient is lacking. Therefore, it is important to analyze proportion of positive or negative acid fast bacilli
(AFB) test and multiple drug resistance (MDR) and also factors associated to success tuberculosis therapy on
co-infection TB-HIV patients.
Method. Cross sectional study was conducted using medical record of total sampling 83 co-infection TB-HIV
patients of Persahabatan Hospital during January 2005 to December 2008
Result: Characteristic of co-infection TB HIV patients was 33,7% positive AFB; 86,7% with wide lesion; and
98,8% infiltrate lesion. Only 7,2% patient with pleural effusion. Lesion at middle and lower lobes of lung found
in 78,3%, and 41% at upper lobes. Success rate of tuberculosis therapy is 74,7%. Reggresion analysis found
that factors associated to success tuberculosis therapy are total lymphocyte count, type of lesion, sex and
smoking.
Keyword : co-infection TB-HIV, acid fast bacilli (AFB), tuberculosis therapy, success rate

References



Full Text: Full text in Indonesia

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.