RELATION BETWEEN EYE BLUNT INJURY FACTOR AND CATARACT AMONG FARMERS IN FOUR VILLAGES AT TELUK JAMBE BARAT, KARAWANG SUBDISTRICT

Lusianawaty Tana

Abstract


Eye injury can  be  caused by several kinds of  objects, can cause  pain, decrease of eye equity and
cataract formation in affected eye.  PURPOSES. To  identify the kind of eye injury  and to  analyze
between the blunt eye injury and cataract among  agriculture farmers in  4 villages at Teluk Jambe
Barat,  Karawang Sub  district.  METHODS. A cross sectional designed study was done, with 1223
samples aged 30 years and up, selected purposively  among agriculture farmers in 4 villages. Data
collection was done through interview and examination. The history of  eye injury that  influenced eye
equity  can be had from interview. The cataract was diagnosed through ophthalmoscope examination
without midriatic by ophthalmologists. RESULTS.    The sample that  fulfilled  research  criteria’s were
1223 persons.  From 1223 person, 34 (2.8%) persons had blunt eye injury in the past.  Another eye
injures were caused by sharp objects   80 (6.5%), particle   of objects 72 (5.9%), chemicals 15 (1.2%),
and heat  5 (0.4%).  Percentage of  the blunt  eye injury was  higher in male than female (OR 4.41
95%CI:1.82-10.74  p=0.0001). Although cataract percentage was higher among person  who had the
blunt  eye injury than  the person never had  the  blunt  eye injury, but  insignificantly  related (p>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS. Working with some objects  in workplace need caution, because those objects would
be harmful to the eye.

Keywords: Blunt eye injury, farmers, cataract.


References



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