THE TRANSMISSION OF SCHISTOSOMIASIS IN DODOLO AND MEKARSARI VILLAGES OF NAPU HIGHLAND CENTRAL SULAWESI

Rosmini ., Soeyoko ., Sri Sumarni

Abstract


The transmission of schistosomiasis is still ongoing in Dodolo and Mekarsari Villages of Napu highland, Poso District. The people who infected with Schistosoma japonicum, intermediate host, Oncomelania hupensis lindoensis snails that infected by cercaria, infective stage of S. japonicum and reservoir host, rats, which infected by S. japonicum were still found. The purpose of this study was to identify the transmission of schistosomiasis at  Dodolo and Mekarsari Villages, Napu highland. The epidemiological investigation was analyzed using observational study with cross sectional design. Data collections were conducted, including stool, snail and rat surveys. Stool samples were examined by the Kato-Katz method and  rats were dissected  to identify the prevalence rate of schistosomiasis in human and rats. Snails were examined using crushing method to identify the infection rate of the snails. Prevalence rate of schistosomiasis in human, rats (Rattus exulans) and infection rate O. hupensis lindoensis snails in Dodolo were 6,9%, 8,3%, 2,8% and in Mekarsari were 6,1%, 10% 2,6% respectively. Prevalence of schistosomiasis in Dodolo and Mekarsari villages is still high, so we need continuous surveillance.

Keywords: Schistosomiasis, Schistosoma japonicum, O. hupensis lindoensis, Dodolo, Mekarsari

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