Praktek Ibu dalam Perawatan Neonatus di Kabupaten Garut, Jawa Barat

Aji Haryanto, Ella Nurlaella Hadi

Abstract


Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in 2005 at Garut District (54,8/1000 live births), is the highest in West Java Province, due to ever increasing neonatus mortality rates in the last three year. The purpose of this study was to investigate the determinant of mother’s practice in neonatus care at Garut District, conducted by advance analysis of Baseline Survey of Essential Neonatus Health Services at Garut District data in 2007. The data was analyzed using chi square test and multiple logistic regression. The result of this study showed that out of 577 baby mothers who had 1-11 months as the sample of this research, 51,5% had unfavorable practice in neonatus care. The most dominant factor related to practice in neonatus care was knowledge of mother after adjusting by family support, mother’s education, mother’s occupation and counseling by health provider. Mothers who have good knowledge in neonatus care practice had chance 2,2 times higher compared to mothers who had unfavorable knowledge to implement good practice. Based on the result of this study, it is suggested that the Village Midwives should change the way in giving of information to mothers and her families by using more discussion method and utilizing picture, and also utilizing Maternal and Child Health book, so that it would be easier for the mothers to understand and to apply good practices to their babies.
Key words: Neonatus care, neonatus health, infant mortality rate

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