Faktor-faktor Prognosis Kematian Tetanus Neonatorum di RS Kabupaten Indramayu dan Kabupaten Cirebon

Lili Tantijati, Krisnawati Bantas

Abstract


The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in Indonesia is still high. Based on Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) data, the IMR in 1995 was 55/1000 live births. One of the main causes of infant death in Indonesia is tetanus neonatorum. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between neonates’ age of disease onset and the infant death caused by tetanus neonatorum in Indramayu and Cirebon Districts in 1996-2001. The study design was case control study with ratio of the number of cases and control of 1:1. The total number of sample was 160 neonates with tetanus neonatorum, consisted of 80-cases(death) and 80-control (live). The study population was neonates with tetanus neonatorum who were hospitalized in Cirebon and Indramayu District Hospital. All of the study variables were measured using categorical scale. Study was analyzed by multivariate analysis, using unconditional logistic regression method. The result of the study showed that the prognostic factors of tetanus neonatorum death risk were age < 7 days old (OR = 20,06 ; p value = 0,000), neonates with lower than standard dose of antibiotics (OR = 4,34; p value = 0,018); delay of help by health facilities > 2 days (OR = 6,95; p value = 0,000). Key words: Prognosis factor, tetanus neonatorum death

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