APPLICATION OF IKAN CUPANG BY JUMANTIK FOR DHF DISEASE CONTROL IN PALEMBANG

Yulian Taviv, Akhmad Saikhu, Hotnida Sitorus

Abstract


Palembang city has the highest dengue cases compare to other region in South
Sumatera Province. This study compares two regions, first region with jumantik (kader)
and application of ikan cupang, and the second region only applied with jumantik. This
study aims to find public acceptance of ikan cupang (Ctenops vittatus) as larvae control
in the community and to determine larvae index (house index, container index, breteau
index) in both regions. Larvae found in this study were Aedes aegypty, Ae. albopictus and
Culex spp. Comparative indicators of mosquito larvae inspection before and after
treatment in Kelurahan Kebun Bunga were angka bebas jentik from 48% to 86%, house
index from 52% to 14%, container index from 48% to 25%, and breteau index from 66%
to 50%, while in Kelurahan Sukarami angka bebas jentik from 58% to 72%, house index
from 42% to 28%, container index from 36% to 50%, and breteau index from 66% to
50%. Kelurahan Kebun Bunga and Kelurahan Sukarami categorized as region with high
risk of dengue infection. Ikan cupang was effective as Aedes larvae predator, and more
acceptable to the community compare to the chemical insecticide. This study suggest to
maintain jumantik in order to minimize dengue cases in Palembang city.

Key words : dengue fever, jumantik plus, ikan cupang, larvae index.


References



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