Frans X Suharyanto Halim


Laboratory biosecurity is the protection, control and accountability for
valuable biological material ( VBM ) laboratories, in order to prevent their unauthorized
access, loss, theft, misuse, diversion or intentional release. The efforts of biosecurity
have capability to anticipate the potential probability of releasing biohazard agent from
the laboratory, the risk assessment study in the infectious disesase laboratories was an
effort to know whether biosecurity measures were applied in the laboratory. The usage
of modified checklist questionnaire of biosecurity for collecting data and observation
was done to identify potential hazard in the infectious disease laboratories according to
the conceptional framework of agent, host and environmental principal. The places of
this assessment are in the five regional referral infectious disease laboratories , i.e.,
Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara (UISU) Medan, Universitas Indonesia (UI) - Jakarta,
Balai Pengembangan Laboratorium Kesehatan (BPLK) - Bandung, Universitas
Diponegoro (UNDIP) - Semarang , Universitas Hasanudin (UNHAS) – Makassar, one
referral hospital , i.e., Rumah sakit Umum Daerah (RSUD) – Tangerang and one
national referral laboratory of Center for Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Reseach and
Development, National Institute of Health Research and Development ( NIHRD),
Ministry of Health (MOH), Jakarta. The risk assessment study was done in year 2008-
2009. Physical security, personnel management and information security as components
of biosecurity were not applied properly in the 7 infectious disease laboratories. Applying
biosecurity in the infectious disease laboratories was very important and need to be done
completely to anticipate their unauthorized access, loss, theft, misuse, diversion or
intentional release.

Keywords : biosecurity, bioterrorism , infectious disease laboratory, and valuable
biological materials (VBM)


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